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Subsoil and pines mortality in Yatir forest

In Yatir forest, located at the southern edge of the dry Mediterranean region in Israel, a patchiness mortality pattern of pines was observed after continuous droughts. The objective of the study was to identify the environmental factors that caused the mortality. Our results suggest that the preferable environment for planting pines in this region is chalk overlain by shallow and stony soil. Storage of water in this rock-soil system is the key factor affecting the survival and success of the forests

Pinus Halepensis, patchiness mortality, trees vitality, dry Mediterranean region, mediterranean frontier, drought resistant, Water content, mechanical composition, salinity, SAR, calcium carbonate content, rock density, porous rock, lithosol, roots, shallow soil, stony soil

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